Akkadian Babylonian

There are no specific events recorded for today in the gospels.  We have looked at the promise of Messiah in each of the Old Testament books.  We shall now begin looking at various historical & archaeological articles giving insight into the Bible and its background.

WHAT IS JESUS DOING?
Jesus is continuing His ministry of baptism in region around Jerusalem.

CUNEIFORM TABLETS WITH SEALS:
From earliest times important documents were shown to be genuine by the addition of a seal.  Such a seal would be equivalent to a modern day signature.  They could consist of finger marks, impressions of a person’s nail or the tassles on the hem of their garments.  It is possibly because of this practice of using a persons tassles as an authenticating seal that in Genesis 38 Tamar took Judah’s “cord” as part of his pledge of payment.

All the above examples show later seals consisting of sophisticated images and lettering.  Because sealing a document in this way led to the writing, in large part, being illegible the practice grew of duplicating the document without a seal or copying the documents contents onto the back of the tablet.

Some have suggested that the reason for two tablets containing the Ten Commandments was because of the above practice.  Others have pointed out that the fourth commandment is at the very centre of the Ten Commandments; from this they have suggested that this commandment represents YHWH’s seal, authenticating the commandments as His.

Description of the tablets in the picture above:

  • The top left picture is of a Hittite Cuneiform tablet replica of Ini-Teshub of Carchemish, the Hittite Viceroy of North Syria during the mid-thirteenth century BC (resin cast). The tablet records a lawsuit involving two merchants, one of whom demands payment of a debt. The text is written in Akkadian (Babylonian), the international language of the Late Bronze Age in the Middle East. In the center of a tablet is a bold impression of the king’s stamp seal bearing the figure of a Hittite god holding a winged sphinx, with the king’s name in both the cuneiform and Hittite hieroglyphic scripts.
  • The top right picture is of a Hittite cuneiform tablets from Bogazköy, Turkey and the picture is part of the UNESCO archives.
  • The bottom left picture is of a Cuneiform tablet of Ini-Teshub of Carchemish, the Hittite Viceroy of North Syria during the mid-thirteenth century BC. The tablet records a lawsuit involving two merchants, one of whom demands payment of a debt. The text is written in Akkadian (Babylonian), the international language of the Late Bronze Age in the Middle East. In the center of a tablet is a bold impression of the king’s stamp seal bearing the figure of a Hittite god holding a winged sphinx, with the king’s name in both the cuneiform and Hittite hieroglyphic scripts.
  • The bottom right picture shows a Hittite tablet with Cuneiform Inscription and the Seal of King Mursil II (1339-1306 BC).